Important Parliamentary terms

(1) "Act"--A Bill passed by both  Houses of State Legislature and assented to by the Governor.

(2) "Adjournment of Debate"--Adjournment on a motion adopted by the House, of the debate on Motion / Resolution/Bill on which the House is then engaged until a future day or sine die as specified in the motion.

(3) "Adjournment of the sitting of the House"- Termination of the sitting of the House which meets again at the time appointed for the next sitting.

(4) "Adjournment sine die"-Termination of a sitting of the House without any definite date being fixed for the next sitting.

(5) "Appropriation Bill"-  A Money Bill passed annually (or at various times of the year) providing for the withdrawal or appropriation from and out of the Consolidated Fund of State, of moneys, voted by  Legislative Assembly and moneys charged on the Consolidated Fund for the services of a financial year or a part of a financial year.

(6) “Ballot”- A process to determine inter se priority of more than one notice through a draw of lot.

(7) "Bill"--The draft of a legislative proposal put in the proper form which, when passed by both Houses of State Legislature and assented to by the Governor becomes an Act.

(8) "Budget"-Annual financial statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of  in respect of a financial year.

(9) "Bulletin"-Bulletin means the Bulletin of  Legislative Council. It is published in two parts. Part I contains a brief record of the proceedings of the House at each of its sittings; and Part II contains information on any matter relating to or connected with the business of the House or Committees or other matter which in the opinion of the Chairman may be included therein.

(10) "Calendar of Sittings"- A calendar showing the provisional days on which the Legislative Council is to sit and the nature of business to be transacted by it on those days.

(11)  “Calling Attention” –  A procedure whereby a Member calls the attention of a Minister to a matter of urgent public importance , the  Minister makes a brief statement thereon and thereafter the Members seek clarifications.

(12) "Casting Vote"-The vote cast by the Chairman, or a Member acting as such in the House and by the Chairman or a Member acting as such in a Committee, in the case of an equality of votes on a matter.

(13) “Constitution” Constitution means the Constitution of Jammu & Kashmir.

(14) "Crossing the floor"--Passing between the member addressing the House and the Chair which is considered breach of Parliamentary etiquette.

(15) “Demand for Grants”-Earmarking of budgetary allocation for meeting the plan and non-plan expenditure of a Ministry/Department.

 (16) "Division"-The mode of arriving at a decision on a proposed measure or question before the House by recording votes for or against it.

(17) "Draw of lot" - A method applied to determine the relative precedence of private members' Bills and Resolutions, notices of questions, half-an-hour discussions or any other notice given by more than one member simultaneously for being taken up on the same day.

(18) "Expunction"-Deletion of words, phrases or expressions from the proceedings or records of  the Legislative Council by an order of the Chairman for being defamatory or indecent or un-parliamentary or undignified.

(19) "Finance Bill"-A Bill ordinarily introduced every year to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government  for the following financial year and includes a Bill to give effect to supplementary financial proposals for any period.

 (20) "Financial Business" – The financial business of the House consists of the laying of the General Budget and statements of supplementary Demands for Grants on the Table after they are presented to the Legislative Assembly, general discussion on the Budget, consideration and return of connected Appropriate Bills and Finance Bills.

(21) "Gazette"-J&K Government Gazette.

(22) “Government” Government means the Government of Jammu and Kashmir.

(23) “Half-an-Hour Discussion”-A Member with the permission of the Chairman may raise a discussion on a matter of sufficient public importance which has been the subject of a recent oral or written question and the answer to which needs elucidation on a matter of fact.

 (24) "Leader of the Council"-The Chief Minister, if he is a member of the Council or a Minister who is a member of the Council  and is nominated by the Chief Minister to function as the Leader of the Council.

(25) "Leader of the Opposition"-A Member of the House, who is, for the time being, the leader in that House of the largest recognized Party in opposition and recognised as such by the Chairman.

(26) “Leave of absence”-A member wishing to obtain permission of the House for remaining absent from its sittings is required to make an application stating the reasons and the  period for which he may be permitted to be absent from the sittings of the House.

(27) "Legislative Business" – Introduction, consideration and passing of a bill, piloted by a Minister or a Private Member, in the House.

(28) “Legislative Council Debate” – A verbatim record of everything said in the House is reported by the official Reporter for each of the sittings of the Legislative Council, except certain words, phrases and expression, if any, ordered by the Chair to be expunged or ordered by the Chairman not to be recorded, when Members speak without his permissions. 

(29) "List of Business"- A list of items of business scheduled to be taken up in the House on a particular day of the sittings in the order in which they stand on it.
(30) "Lobby"-The covered corridor immediately adjoining the Chamber and co-terminus with it.

 (31) "Maiden Speech"-The first speech of a member after his election/nomination to the Legislative Council in the House.

(32) “Matters raised with permission”- Immediately after the Question Hour and laying of papers, a Member may raise an issue of urgent public importance with the prior permission of the Chairman.

(33) "Member in charge of the Bill"-The Minister/Private Member who has introduced the government / Private Members’ Bill.

(34) "Memorandum of business" – It is meant for the use of the Chair to help him while calling the items listed in the Agenda paper of the day. 

(35) "Message"-A communication from the Governor to a House or Houses of State Legislature under Section 54(2) and 78 of the Constitution and a communication sent from one House of the State Legislature to the other House.

 (36) "Motion"-A  formal proposal made to the House by a Minister or a member that the House do something, order something to be done or express an opinion with regard to some matter, and is so phrased that, if  adopted, it will purport to express the judgment or will of the House.

(37) "Motion of Thanks"-A formal motion moved in the House, expressing its gratitude to the Governor for the Address delivered by him/her under Section 55(1) of the Constitution to both Houses of the State Legislature assembled together. 

(38) "Naming a Member"-The drawing of attention of the House by the Chairman to the conduct of a member who disregards the authority of the Chair or abuses the Rules of the House by persistently and will fully obstructing the business thereof, with a view to action being taken to suspend him from the service of the House for a period not exceeding the remainder of the session.

 (39) "Ordinance"-A law made by the Governor in exercise of the powers vested in him under Section 91 of the Constitution.

(40) "Panel of Vice-Chairmen"- A panel of three members of  the Legislative Council nominated by the Chairman, any one of whom may preside over the House in the absence of the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman when so desired by the Chairman, or in his absence, by the Deputy Chairman.

(41) "Papers laid on the Table"-The papers or documents laid on the Table of the House for purpose of bringing them on the record of the House by a Minister or by a private member or by the Secretary with the permission of the Chairman in pursuance of the provisions of the Constitution or the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the J&K Legislative Council or an Act of the State Legislature and the Rules and Regulations made there under.

(42) "Personal explanation" -  A Member or a Minister against whom comments or criticism of a personal nature are made on the floor of the House is entitled to make, with the consent of the Chairman, personal explanation in his defence. 

(43) "Point of Order"- A point relating to the interpretation or enforcement of the Rules of Procedure or such provisions of the Constitution as regulate the business of the House raised in the House and submitted for the decision of the Chair.

(44) "Precincts of Legislative Council"-This includes the Chamber, the Lobbies, the Galleries and such other places as the Chairman may from time to time specify.

(45) “Private Members’ Resolution”- A resolution, on a matter of general public interest, a Member, other than a Minister, on a day allotted for Private Members Resolutions which is in the form of a declaration of opinion by the House or in such other form as the Chairman may consider appropriate.

(46) "Prorogation"-The termination of a session of  the Legislative Council by an order made by the Governor under Section 53(2)(a) of the Constitution.

(47) "Putting the Question"-When debate on a question is closed, the Chairman, rising from the Chair, states or reads the question to the House, beginning with "The question is, that".

(48) "Question Hour"-The first hour of a sitting of the House allotted for asking and answering of questions.

(49) "Question of Privilege"-A question involving a breach of privilege either of a member or of the House or of a Committee thereof or a contempt of the House.

(50) "Quorum"-The minimum number of members required to be present at a sitting of the House or a Committee for valid transaction of its business, which is ten members of the House, as provided under rule 15 of the Rules of Procedure & Conduct of Business in J&K Legislative Council.

(51) "Roll of Members"-A register in which newly elected members sign, after making and subscribing the oath or affirmation and before taking their seats for the first time in the House.

(52) "Session"-A session of  the Legislative Council comprises the period commencing from the date and time mentioned in the order of the Governor summoning  the Legislative Council and ending with the day on which the Governor prorogues the Legislative Council.

(53) “Short Duration Discussion”-For raising a discussion on a matter of urgent public importance for which a notice has to be given by a Member supported by two other Members specifying clearly and precisely the matter to be raised.

(54) "Short Notice Question"-A question relating to a matter of urgent public importance asked for oral answer by a Member with shorter notice than fifteen clear days by giving the reasons for asking the question with short notice.

(55) "Sitting of the House"-A sitting of the House is duly constituted when it is presided over by the Chairman or a member competent to preside over a sitting of the House  under the Constitution or the Rules of Procedure and conduct of Business in the Legislative Council.

(56) “Special Mention”-A procedure available to a Member who wishes  to mention a matter of public importance in the House by reading out from the text not exceeding 250 words.

(57) “Standing Committee”- Committee constituted by election  by the House or nomination by the Chairman every year or from time to time which are permanent in nature.

(58) "Starred Question"-A question to which a member wishes to have an oral answer on the floor of the House and which is distinguished by an asterisk.

(59) "Statutory Resolution"-A resolution in pursuance of a provision in the Constitution or an Act of State Legislature.

(60) "Subordinate Legislation"--Rules, regulations, orders, schemes, bye-laws,  etc. having the force of law, framed by the Executive or other subordinate authority in pursuance of the power conferred on it by the Constitution or delegated to it by an Act of State Legislature.

(61) "Summons"--An official communication issued by the Secretary of the Legislative Council under the orders of the Governor to the Members of the Legislative Council informing them of the place, date and time of the commencement of a session of the Legislative Council.

(62) "Supplementary question" – A Question asked by any member when called by the Chairman for the purpose of further elucidating any matter of fact regarding which an answer has been given during the question hour. 

(63) "Table of the House"--The Table just in front of the desk of the Secretary below the Chairman's Chair, on which papers which are required to be laid on the Table of the House, are deemed to be placed.

(64) "Unstarred Question"--A question which is not called for oral answer in the House and the  written answer to such a question is deemed to have been laid on the Table.

(65) “Valedictory remarks”-It is customary in every Session for the Chair to make the  Valedictory remarks at the end of Session thanking Members and leaders of parties and groups for their cooperation in the conduct of business of the House.

 (66) "Whips" – Members drawn from the party in power and the parties/groups in opposition to perform specified functions and form vital links in the internal organization of a party inside the State Legislature.